We all know that the process of tattooing is divided into two major steps: "lining" and "shading". But we often overlook a very important procedure--planning."Planning" is divided into two parts, one is how to design a pattern, and the other is how to understand the pattern. How to design a pattern means it needs us to take the long-term development of the pattern or the improvement in the future into account while tattooing for the client. Because the tattoo is a kind of recognition of our body. For example, if you are going to make a dragon head tattoo for a guest, you need to consider the location of the dragon body tattoo that the guest may get in the future.The understanding of the pattern means that while we are patterning any kind of pattern, we must comprehend and understand many questions, such as what the pattern is, what its lines are and what color blocks are made of, and what lines it must be made of and how the lines are connected each other. This means that we must comprehend the above situation fully before we carry out tattooing actually.Those who like Japanese tattoos will surely indulge in the wild with softness and the mysterious beauty hidden in the rough. Those who like European and American tattoo works will surely like tattoos with disorderly composition, colorful colors, and good tattoo technology. In other words, such a tattoo needs one more procedure "planning", a good tattoo must firstly have good composition, and secondly, correct lines. Many tattoo artists and even professional tattoo artists may meet such a question that the lines are too shallow or too thin or muddy. And it is the result of using machines or tattooing methods incorrectly.
Penetration depth and strength
Needle extraction does not mean needle insertion. The softer the skin, the greater resistance the needle penetrates. Visually, the needle penetrates into the skin, actually, it is because the skin bounces back. So it is important for the other hand to support the skin and increase the skin hardness, resulting in the skin being easier to puncture. It is better to make the needle under the skin when we are using large needles to tattoo. By using such a tattoo needle skill, the tattoo tip is attached to the skin like a ring of pressure against the skin, which has the effect of supporting the skin and reducing the skin elasticity, so it is easier for the needle to penetrate. But conversely, the skin is closer to the bones and joints, why the needle can penetrate easily and the tattoo is dizzy. Because the skin is quite a hard underlay, then you do not stretch the skin to a soft area, it is likely that your needle will directly penetrate into the skin deeply, and the color enters other branch blood vessels to cause dizziness. At this time, the method to deal with it is to rub the skin with your fingers as soon as possible or rush the color into the diffusion area.Most tattooists should pay attention to the angle between the tattoo machine and the skin when doing lines. The angle should be kept as vertical as possible. The angle is inclined at an angle of 50 degrees to 80 degrees for the lining. it is best to control the angle between 40 degrees and 50 degrees for shading. Tilt must not exceed 20--30 degrees. Needle depth is 1MM-1.5MM, and it must not exceed 2MM. It should not be too long or too short. If it's too long, the needle may cause skin damage easily and skip. If it's too short, the lines won't be solid. Tattoo needles are usually pierced on the head layer between the basal layer and the dermis layer of the skin epidermis. (If the needle goes too deep or too shallow, there will be hyperplasia, fainting, false coloring, and other phenomena after recovery.) The depth of the needle should not be too deep. 1.5mm is the best.
Points of lining
Direction, angle, strength, and speed are very important for the smoothness of the lines. And it takes a long time to practice. Many tattoo lovers and beginners will shake their hands. How can they not shake their hands?⒈: There must be a correct posture to hold your tattoo machine. There are several types of postures. Adjust your posture according to the length, arc, and angle of the line.⒉: When holding the machine, do not squeeze the handle too hard, but hold the handle of the machine in a relaxed state. If you use too much strength, your hand will definitely shake in a tight state.⒊: Choose a tattoo tube with a larger diameter as much as possible for the tattoo machine. The tattoo tube I use for lines is 28mm-30mm in diameter. Selecting a tube with a large diameter can make your hands more relaxed and make lines smoother (this also depends on personal habits).⒋: What weight a tattoo tube should be? If you use a coil machine weighing more than 200g, you need a tube with a more suitable weight. If the handle is too light, the entire center of gravity of the tattoo machine will be backward. If you work for a long time, your hands will be particularly tired. On the other hand, if the tube is too heavy, the center of gravity will be biased forward. So it is also important to choose a suitable tube. (My advice doesn't represent all. You can do it according to your habits)⒌: There is one more point for preventing a handshake. The fulcrum of the hand is very important when doing lines. You must find a good fulcrum.⒍: The most important point is the technique. The strength and speed must be uniform, then the lines will be smooth and solid, and the connection will be natural. When doing a long line or moving your hand, the needle should be moved in and out slightly in the place where the connection is made so that the needle can make the line connect more naturally. It is best to see the needle tip. Only in this way will the connection be natural and there will be no double lines.
The key points of the lines
⒈Arc: the lines should be smooth and the connection should be natural and smooth.⒉Right angle line: the place where the right angle connects must be close.⒊Acupuncture line: lift the needle gently at the end of the line, and the connection must be good.⒋ Arc-pointed round line: Do not stop the needle at the point where it is pointed. Slide it over and stop the needle.
Learn about tattoo needles
Round liner tattoo needles we commonly used for tattoos are 3RL, 5RL, 7RL, 9RL, etc. When doing lines, the round needles are preferably narrowed. Needles that have not been narrowed are prone to bifurcation when lining, and the lines are not round and full, so we must pay attention to the needle tips when buying tattoo needles.When using large round liner needles, you must master the force. If you use too much force. you will cause skin damage and hyperplasia. If the line is very thick, you can do double lines and fill in the middle.Burying tattoo needle skillThis method is to make the tattoo tip attach to the skin (the tattoo tip is best to use the round., try not to use the diamond tips, so as not to cause secondary damage to the skin). Run the needle at a uniform speed. If the needle speed is too slow, the color is easy faint or become spots. If it is too fast, the lines will be unclear or intermittent. This method needs to be repeatedly practiced. Because the needle tip is not easy to see during tattooing. Sometimes the line position cannot be accurately grasped, so you need to practice and master it well.Hanging tattoo needle skillHanging the needle refers to making the tattoo tip hang on the skin. This method is generally used to deal with local details, because this method is easy for the tattooist to see the position of the needle tip, and the accuracy is high. But it is not suitable for doing long lines, because the tattooist cannot master uniform needle length and speed with this tattoo needle skill. The hanging needle method can make the effect virtual and real and make the line thick or thin by changing the depth of the needle.