How Deep Should The Tattoo Needle Penetrate And Avoid Ink Spit?
Jason Wang |
Deciding to get a tattoo is fascinating and very serious. It is exciting because you will have this excellent permanent work of art on your body. On the other hand, it is serious because it involves the painful process of being repeatedly "stabbed" with a tattoo needle.So the fact that you are reading this article means that you are taking your tattoo experience seriously, which is very commendable.We believe it is essential to get the correct information before starting your tattooing journey. If you want to learn more about tattoo needles and how they work, then you have come to the right place. So, without further delay, let's get started!To understand the whole process of tattoo needles, we need to start with the basics; tattoo machines, of course. A traditional tattoo machine is an electric device used for tattooing all over the world.A standard tattoo machine uses a specific electromagnetic coil mechanism to pulse the tattoo needle into the skin, moving the armature bar up and down at a rate of 6,000 times per minute.However, a tattoo machine is nothing without ink. The ink needs to be transferred into the skin as the needle is pushed in and out of the skin. Remember the armature bar? A barbed needle set is attached to this lever and is responsible for making the ink into the skin.Now, how does the machine make sure the ink stays in the skin?When the tattoo machine pushes the needle into the skin, the needle pierces the skin and creates a hole for storing the ink. When the hand is made out of the skin, it creates a vacuum seal that draws the ink into the holes previously formed in the skin. In those, resulting gaps are skin cells called macrophages and fibroblasts. This is where the ink is trapped and sealed.Therefore, the ink is sealed in the skin and should remain in place throughout the tattoo healing process. However, if the healing process does not go well, the ink can leave the skin at any time and cause problems such as tattoo infection.
How do tattoo needles work? -- Proper Tattoo Needle Depth
The tattoo does not colour may be caused by the following reasons.The machine is not strong enough.Needle tip with too little ink.The needle tip is exposed too long or too short (in operation), and the hand moves too fast.Oily skin.Blunt needle tip, not checked.The grain stab is too deep.Colour material too thick goods too thick.I am rubbing while tattooing.The wrong angle of tattooing.Use organic colouring material; organic colouring material is easy to be swallowed by macrophages and fade and will, out of reason, spread.Anaesthesia time is not enough; capillary constriction is not good.Not tense the skin of the part to be tattooed.Epidermal tissue is damaged, such as spring allergies destroying the stratum corneum, mosquito bites, the use of blemish products guests.Skin layersNow that we know what tattoo machines and needles are, it's time to understand another essential element of tattooing - the skin.Your skin and that of others have three layers.The epidermis (which also includes five sub-layers) is the surface of the skin and the outer layer of the skin. It is responsible for keeping the body waterproof and ensuring skin tone.The dermis is located directly beneath the epidermis and is the layer that contains all connective tissue and sweat glands, and hair follicles.The subcutaneous tissue or hypodermis is the layer that stores fat and connective tissue.Of these three main layers, the hair follicles, sweat glands, fatty tissue, connective tissue, and blood vessels together make up the body's largest organ. Did you know that your skin covers an area of about 20 sq. ft?So, where should the needle go?The tattoo needle should go into the dermis layer of the skin. This layer is in the middle and is the perfect place to ensure the ink stays in the skin and doesn't "bleed" as the tattoo heals.The epidermis is not a good location for the ink because it is too exposed and too far outward, while the subcutaneous tissue is too deep into the skin, which means the ink will not be as visible, and the tattoo will be twice as painful. In addition, if the needle penetrates the subcutaneous tissue, the client is sure to get an infection.So, exactly how deep should the needle go into the skin?The answer is - about 1/16th of an inch deep into the skin. This means that the ink will be placed precisely 2 mm between the dermal layers.If you are wondering how the tattoo artist knows where the dermis is located, we have that information for you.Before the tattooing process begins, the tattooist adjusts the tattoo machine and needle according to the parameters of the dermis position. Thus, the dermis is approximately 1/16 inch deep into the skin.With this knowledge, the tip of the tattoo needle is adjusted only to enter the skin at such a depth and not a millimetre shallower or more profound. This means that the hand should not stick out of the tattoo machine more than 2 mm, or less than 1 mm.
What if the needle is too shallow/deep?
If the needle only enters the epidermis or outer layer of the skin, the ink will transfer but remain in the skin.As the needle leaves the skin and bleeding occurs, it also pushes the ink out of the skin. As the tattoo heals, most of the ink will leave the skin, and you will end up with a partial, messy and faded tattoo (in the best-case scenario).On the other hand, if the needle penetrates deep into the skin, the subcutaneous tissue layer, it can lead to more severe problems. The ink is more difficult to leave the skin altogether, but it will also be significantly less visible. In addition, this type of tattoo can be more damaging than a regular tattoo.Because the ink penetrates deep into the skin, people can develop serious tattoo infections and skin irritations. There is also a risk of tattoo popping because the ink moves freely through the fat layer. So, even if you end up with a healthy tattoo, it will look distorted and messy.
Can the needle deliver the ink into the blood vessels?
One of the most common questions about tattoo needles is the possibility of the hand entering and injecting the ink into a vein.As we mentioned, the dermis of the skin is filled with blood vessels or veins. So, of course, a tattoo needle can enter a vein. However, skilled tattoo artists know how to use the hand correctly and ensure that a small amount of ink is transferred into the skin. This way, even if the ink ends up in a blood vessel, it won't cause any problems.Regardless of the blood vessels, once you get a tattoo, you will have ink in your body and bloodstream. However, the body can use its robust immune system to break down the ink.Ink in the blood does not cause problems because skilled tattoo artists know how deep their needles need to go into the skin. If they ignore this important detail, the amount of ink in the bloodstream will create a toxicity problem.To learn more about tattoo needle knowledge, please visit 5 Important Tips to Know about Tattoo Needles.